Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 84-88
An Assessment of the Level of Knowledge and Compliance with Infection Prevention and Control Standards Among Nurses in the Northern Regional Hospital
Shamsu-Deen Ziblim, Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Science, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
Sufyan Bakuri Suara, Department of Community Health and Family Medicine, School of Medicine and Health Science, University for Development Studies, Tamale, Ghana
Mohammed Mutaru Tahiru, Northern Regional Health Directorate, Ghana Health Service, Tamale, Ghana
Received: Oct. 18, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 30, 2020;       Published: Nov. 9, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200504.12      View  30      Downloads  29
Abstract
Background: Nosocomial infections are associated with a high risk of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized clients. They also predispose health care workers to an increased risk of infections. However, information on knowledge of infection prevention and control is scarce in Northern Ghana. Therefore, the objective of the study was to assess the knowledge and compliance of infection prevention and control practices among nurses at the Northern Regional Hospital Tamale, Ghana. Methods: The study was cross-sectional in design. Also, the data were gathered from randomly selected 268 nurses. In collecting the data, self-administered questionnaires were used. The data were analyzed using IBM SPSS V. 21. Results: From the results, the majority (60.5%) of the respondents had high IPC knowledge, 25.8% had moderate IPC knowledge level, and only 13.8% had low IPC knowledge level. The findings on IPC compliance showed that the majority (77.6%) of the respondents had a low IPC compliance level, 19.8% had a moderate IPC compliance level, and only 2.6% had a high IPC compliance level. Conclusion: In conclusion, most of the respondents had good knowledge of the IPC guidelines in the hospital. The present results may be useful in the formulation of policies for improved infection prevention at health facilities. We recommend that hospital authorities should intensify compliance with IPC guidelines.
Keywords
Infections, Control, Nosocomial, Compliance, Mortality, Morbidity
To cite this article
Shamsu-Deen Ziblim, Sufyan Bakuri Suara, Mohammed Mutaru Tahiru, An Assessment of the Level of Knowledge and Compliance with Infection Prevention and Control Standards Among Nurses in the Northern Regional Hospital, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 84-88. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200504.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Mehtar S. Bridging the infection prevention and control (IPC) gap between theory and implementation - An African experience. Int J Infect Dis. 2014; 21: 52. doi: 10.1016/j.ijid.2014.03.528.
[2]
Bello A, Emannuel BO, Adegoke B, Bello A. Nosocomial infections: knowledge and source of information among clinical health care students in Ghana. Int J Gen Med. 2011.
[3]
Tirivanhu C. Barriers to infection prevention and control (IPC) practice among nurses at Bindura Provincial Hospital, Zimbabwe. IOSR J Nurs Heal Sci. 2014.
[4]
Konlan KD, Aarah-Bapuah M, Kombat JM, Wuffele GM. The level of nurses’ knowledge on occupational post exposure to hepatitis B infection in the Tamale metropolis, Ghana. BMC Health Serv Res. 2017; 17: 254. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2182-7.
[5]
Hayeh PA, Kwasi Esena R. Infection Prevention and Control Practices among Health Workers at Ridge Regional Hospital in Accra Ghana. Int J Heal Sci Res. 2013; 3: 47.
[6]
Oliveira AC, Cardoso CS, Mascarenhas D. Precauções de contato em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva: fatores facilitadores e dificultadores para adesão dos profissionais. Rev da Esc Enferm da USP. 2010; 44: 161–5. doi: 10.1590/S0080-62342010000100023.
[7]
Mukamurenzi AE. Compliance with infection control standard precautions in prevention of surgical site infection among staff in operating room at a selected refferal hospital in Rwanda. 2019.
[8]
Houghton C, Meskell P, Delaney H, Smalle M, Glenton C, Booth A, et al. Barriers and facilitators to healthcare workers’ adherence with infection prevention and control (IPC) guidelines for respiratory infectious diseases: a rapid qualitative evidence synthesis. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2020.
[9]
Wilkason C, Lee C, Sauer LM, Nuzzo J, McClelland A. Assessing and Reducing Risk to Healthcare Workers in Outbreaks. Heal Secur. 2020; 18: 205–11.
[10]
Jacob JT, Herwaldt LA, Durso FT, Program CDCPE. Preventing healthcare-associated infections through human factors engineering. Curr Opin Infect Dis. 2018; 31: 353–8.
[11]
Curtis VA, Danquah LO, Aunger R V. Planned, motivated and habitual hygiene behaviour: an eleven country review. Health Educ Res. 2009; 24: 655–73. doi: 10.1093/her/cyp002.
[12]
Bobadilla J-L, Cowley P, Musgrove PA, Saxenian H. The essential package of health services in developing countries. World Dev report Washington, DC World Bank. 1994.
[13]
Page K, Wilson M, Parkin IP. Antimicrobial surfaces and their potential in reducing the role of the inanimate environment in the incidence of hospital-acquired infections. J Mater Chem. 2009; 19: 3819–31.
[14]
McDonald LC, Gerding DN, Johnson S, Bakken JS, Carroll KC, Coffin SE, et al. Clinical practice guidelines for Clostridium difficile infection in adults and children: 2017 update by the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA). Clin Infect Dis. 2018; 66: e1–48.
[15]
Ministry of Health. Policy and Guidelines for Infection Prevention and Control in Healthcare facilities. MOH/GHS. Accra; 2009.
[16]
Hesse A, Adu-Aryee N, Entsua-Mensah K, Wu L. Knowledge, attitude and practice universal basic precautions by medical personnel in a Teaching Hospital. Ghana Med J. 2006.
[17]
Amponsah-Tawaih K, Adu MA. Work Pressure and Safety Behaviors among Health Workers in Ghana: The Moderating Role of Management Commitment to Safety. Saf Health Work. 2016; 7: 340–6. doi: 10.1016/j.shaw.2016.05.001.
[18]
Akagbo SE, Nortey P, Ackumey MM. Knowledge of standard precautions and barriers to compliance among healthcare workers in the Lower Manya Krobo District, Ghana. BMC Res Notes. 2017; 10: 432. doi: 10.1186/s13104-017-2748-9.
[19]
Tagoe D, Desbordes K. Investigating potential sources of transmission of healthcare-associated infections in a regional hospital, Ghana. Int J Appl Basic Med Res. 2012.
[20]
Ministry of Health. National Policy and guidelines for infection prevention and control in healthcare settings. Accra, Ghana. Accra; 2015.
[21]
Alrubaiee G, Baharom A, Shahar HK, Daud SM, Basaleem HO. Knowledge and practices of nurses regarding nosocomial infection control measures in private hospitals in Sana’a City, Yemen. Saf Heal. 2017; 3: 1–6.
[22]
Gertrude M. PREVENTION STANDARD PRECAUTIONS AMONG NURSES. 2013.
[23]
Nwadike RN. International Journal of Basic, Applied and Innovative Research knowledge and practice of post-operative wound infection prevention among nurses in the surgical unit of a teaching. 2014; 3: 23–8.
[24]
Ocran I, Tagoe DNA. Knowledge and attitude of healthcare workers and patients on healthcare associated infections in a regional hospital in Ghana. Asian Pacific J Trop Dis. 2014; 4: 135–9. doi: 10.1016/S2222-1808 (14)60330-3.
[25]
Geberemariyam BS, Donka GM, Wordofa B. Assessment of knowledge and practices of healthcare workers towards infection prevention and associated factors in healthcare facilities of West Arsi District, Southeast Ethiopia: A facility-based cross-sectional study. Arch Public Heal. 2018.
[26]
Russell D, Dowding DW, McDonald M V., Adams V, Rosati RJ, Larson EL, et al. Factors for compliance with infection control practices in home healthcare: findings from a survey of nurses’ knowledge and attitudes toward infection control. Am J Infect Control. 2018; 46: 1211–7. doi: 10.1016/j.ajic.2018.05.005.
[27]
Sickbert-Bennett EE, Dibiase LM, Schade Willis TM, Wolak ES, Weber DJ, Rutala WA. Reduction of healthcare-associated infections by exceeding high compliance with hand hygiene practices. Emerg Infect Dis. 2016.
[28]
World Health Organization. Report on the Burden of Endemic Health Care-Associated Infection Worldwide Clean Care is Safer Care. 2018.
Browse journals by subject