Volume 5, Issue 4, December 2020, Page: 76-83
Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factor Among Pregnant Women Attending Ante Natal Care in Arba Minch Public Health Institutions, South Ethiopia
Bekele Gutema Waye, Department of Medical Laboratory Science, Collage of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Abenet Menene Gurara, Department of Nursing, Collage of Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia
Kaleab Sebsibe Awoke, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Ethiopian Public Health institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 26, 2020;       Accepted: Sep. 10, 2020;       Published: Oct. 30, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200504.11      View  59      Downloads  33
Abstract
Anemia is a global public health problem affecting both developing and developed countries with major consequences for human health as well as social and economic development. It occurs at all stages of the life cycle, but is more prevalent in pregnant women. The highest prevalence of anemia among pregnant women in the developing world is due to its multi-factorial causes. Anemia leads to complication that will affect both the mother and the growing fetus. Objectives of the study was to determine the prevalence of anemia and associated factor among pregnant women that attends antenatal care at Arba Minch public health institutions, 2019. Institutional based cross sectional study was conducted on 374 pregnant women attending ANC at Arba Minch public health institutions. Systematic random sampling was used to recruit pregnant women. Semi-structured questionnaire used for assessment of socio-demographic and socioeconomic factor. Venous blood was collected from pregnant women and Hemoglobin was estimated using CBC machine analyzer. Blood film for Hemoparasite as well as morphological types of anemia was assessed. Stool sample was taken for examination of intestinal parasites by using wet mount direct microscopy and formol ether concentration. Binary logistic regressions were done to determine association of variables by using SPSS version 21. Results of the study shows that, the prevalence of anemia was found to be 28.8% among pregnant women. Mild, moderate and severe anemia was 75.7%, 23.3% and 1% among anemic women respectively. Multivariate logistic regressions shows, monthly income [AOR=3.37, 95%: 9.35-10.09, P< 0.000], fruit consumption [AOR=6.9, 95%: 1.36-4.9, P<0.000], blood loss [AOR=3.66, 95%CI: 1.56-8.7, P<0.000] and being infected with malaria [AOR=6.10, 95%CI: 2.25-16.43, P<0.000] were independently associated with anemia. Morphologically, 75.5% of anemic pregnant women had Normocytic Normochromic, 23.3% had Microcytic hypochromic, and only 1% had Macrocytic normochromic. It is concluded that, the prevalence of anemia among pregnant women was moderate public health significances which is independently associated with low monthly income, habit of fruit consumption, blood loss and being infected with malaria parasites. It is recommended that creating awareness of the pregnant women on feeding iron rich foods like fruit, liver, poultry, cereals and green vegetables and giving health education on how to prevent malaria.
Keywords
Anemia, Pregnant Women, ANC, Arba-Minch
To cite this article
Bekele Gutema Waye, Abenet Menene Gurara, Kaleab Sebsibe Awoke, Prevalence of Anemia and Associated Factor Among Pregnant Women Attending Ante Natal Care in Arba Minch Public Health Institutions, South Ethiopia, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 4, 2020, pp. 76-83. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200504.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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