Volume 5, Issue 3, September 2020, Page: 60-65
Helmet Wearing Among Commercial Motorcyclist in Brazzaville (Congo): Knowledge, Attitude and Prevalence
Mbou Essie Darius Eryx, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep; Directorate of Primary Health Care, Ministry of Health and Population, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Ekouele Mbaki Hugues Brieux, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep; Neurosurgery Department, Brazzaville University Hospital, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Milandou Cervely, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Matini Prefina, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Engambe Peya, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Baloumbou Ndzaba, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Ngoyomi Ryschel, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Ntsiba Honore, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Ibara Jean-Rosaire, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Congo Rep
Received: Aug. 5, 2020;       Accepted: Aug. 20, 2020;       Published: Sep. 3, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200503.13      View  151      Downloads  39
Abstract
Transport on motorcycles has grown and is widespread in Congo (Brazzaville) and several sub-Saharan Africa countries; leading to a growing incidence of traffic road injuries and fatalities. The effectiveness of helmet wearing as preventing is founded out and the laws on its promotion exist, but its prevalence remains low. In order to make commercial motorcyclists and their passengers aware of the importance of wearing a safety helmet and contribute to promoting, the study aims to determine the prevalence, the knowledge, and attitude of helmet use and attitude among motorcycle taxi drivers in Brazzaville. We performed a descriptive cross-sectional mixed-method study, both quantitative and qualitative data were collected and analyzed. A total of 241 commercial motorcyclists were interviewed in their station point, near the market located in areas of the north of Brazzaville downtown. All were male with an average age of 28.6±7.1 years, 65.1% (157/241) had a previous motorcycle accident and none had a driving certificate. Ninety-one point three of the percentage had a "good level of knowledge on the helmet, their attitudes towards safety helmets use were favorable among 95.4% (230/241). Only 40.3% (97/241) of drivers wore the helmet, slightly linked to the history of police sanction (p<0,05). The study carried out a high level of knowledge, a favorable attitude towards the use of safety helmets contrasted with the low prevalence of helmet use, exposing drivers and passengers to the risk of fatal head injuries. The promotion of the wearing of safety helmets should take into account the emergence of this type of public transport, in order to address awareness and coercive actions to them.
Keywords
Commercial Motorcyclists, Road Traffic Injury, Helmet Use, Knowledge-Attitude, Prevalence, Congo-Brazzaville
To cite this article
Mbou Essie Darius Eryx, Ekouele Mbaki Hugues Brieux, Milandou Cervely, Matini Prefina, Engambe Peya, Baloumbou Ndzaba, Ngoyomi Ryschel, Ntsiba Honore, Ibara Jean-Rosaire, Helmet Wearing Among Commercial Motorcyclist in Brazzaville (Congo): Knowledge, Attitude and Prevalence, World Journal of Public Health. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 60-65. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20200503.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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